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1. Wallace, Mike. “What GRI Learned in Its First Year in America.” February 28, 2012.
2. The AA1000 Assurance Standard is a sustainability assurance standard developed by AccountAbility, an independent multi-stakeholder non-profit. The International Standard on Assurance Engagements (ISAE) 3000 is an assurance standard developed by the International Federation of Accountants’ (IFAC) International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (IAASB) for all assurance engagements other than audits or reviews of historical financial information covered by International Standards on Auditing (ISA)s and International Standard on Review Engagements (ISRE)s.
3. Ceres’ position is aligned with scientific targets that call for the U.S. to achieve GHG emission reductions of 80% below 1990 baseline levels by 2050 and at least 25% reduction below 1990 by 2020. This expectation uses 2005 as the baseline as this was consistent with the pending U.S. climate policy legislation that was being put forward in 2010 when the Roadmap was released. As a secondary point, in the 1990s many U.S. companies had not yet started to collect GHG emission data. Therefore, determining and disclosing data on GHG emissions prior to 2005 is complicated and prone to inaccuracies.
4. The World Resources Institute (WRI) GHG Protocol defines Scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions as follows: Scope 1 emissions are direct emissions from sources that the company owns or controls; Scope 2 emissions are all indirect emissions that are a consequence of the activities of the company, but occur at sources owned or controlled by another entity; and Scope 3 emissions are other indirect emissions, such as the extraction and production of purchased materials and fuels, transport-related activities in vehicles not owned or controlled by the reporting entity, etc. Visit for more information.
5. United States Environmental Protection Agency. “Why Build Green?” 16 April 2012.
6. Fahey, Jonathan. “Google Energy Use: Company Reveals Information To Show That Search Is Green.” Huffington Post. 9 August 2011.
7. ibid
8. Lohr, Steve. “Google Schools Its Algorithm.” New York Times. 5 March 2011.
9. Twitter Blog. “Your World More Connected.” Twitter. 1 August 2011.
10. World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP). “Statistics: Graphs & Maps.” 16 April 2012.
11. Barton, Brooke. Murky Waters? Corporate Reporting on Water Risk: A Benchmarking Study of 100 Companies. Ceres. February 2010.
12. Barton, Brooke. Murky Waters? Corporate Reporting on Water Risk: A Benchmarking Study of 100 Companies. Ceres. February 2010.
13. Duhigg, Charles, and Steven Greenhouse. “Electronic Giant Vowing Reforms in China Plants.” New York Times. 29 March 2012.
14. Savitz, Andy. Talent, Transformation and the Triple Bottom Line. Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012. Print.
15. Szczesny, Joseph. “Ford hiring more engineers to focus on better fuel economy.” The Oakland Press. 28 March 2012. Retrieved on April 16, 2012.