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Oil and Gas

Ceres oil and gas related reports
Hydraulic Fracturing & Water Stress: Water Demand by the Numbers
Feb 05, 2014
This Ceres research paper analyzes escalating water demand in hydraulic fracturing operations across the United States and western Canada. It evaluates oil and gas company water use in eight regions with intense shale energy development and the most pronounced water stress challenges.
Investing in the Clean Trillion: Closing The Clean Energy Investment Gap
Jan 15, 2014
In 2010 world governments agreed to limit the increase in global temperature to two degrees Celsius (2 °C) above pre-industrial levels to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. To have an 80 percent chance of maintaining this 2 °C limit, the IEA estimates an additional $36 trillion in clean energy investment is needed through 2050—or an average of $1 trillion more per year compared to a “business as usual” scenario over the next 36 years. This Ceres report provides 10 recommendations for investors, companies and policymakers to increase annual global investment in clean energy to at least $1 trillion by 2030—roughly a four-fold jump from current investment levels.
Flaring Up: North Dakota Natural Gas Flaring More Than Doubles in Two Years
Jul 29, 2013
The tremendous growth of unconventional oil production in North Dakota has also led to a rapid rise in the production of associated natural gas. However, state authorities report that a large percentage of this gas does not ultimately go to market. Nearly 30 percent of North Dakota gas is currently being burned off, or flared, each month as a byproduct of oil production.
Hydraulic Fracturing & Water Stress: Growing Competitive Pressures for Water
May 01, 2013
This Ceres research paper analyzes water use in hydraulic fracturing operations across the United States and the extent to which this activity is taking place in water stressed regions. It provides an overview of efforts underway, such as the use of recycled water and nonfreshwater resources, to mitigate these impacts and suggests key questions that industry, water managers and investors should be asking.
Investor Expectations for Improving Environmental & Social Performance in Canadian Oil Sands Development
Oct 22, 2012
A group of 49 investors with $2 trillion in assets under management are calling on Canadian oil sands developers to dramatically reduce the environmental and social impact of their operations.
Sustainable Extraction? An Analysis of SEC Disclosure by Major Oil & Gas Companies on Climate Risk and Deepwater Drilling Risk
Aug 02, 2012
Disclosure of material business risk is a core underpinning of the modern global economy’s health. A new report says that investors aren’t getting a clear picture from companies of just how deep the material risks are.
Investor Risks from Oil Shale Development
May 30, 2012
May 2012 - The Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Land Management (BLM) recently proposed limiting federal leases for development of oil shale to Research, Development, and Demonstration (RD&D) leases instead of commercial leases. Given the many risks surrounding oil shale development, including technological uncertainties, regulatory risks, and water constraints, BLM’s proposed RD&D approach makes sense. Investors should be similarly cautious in evaluating future investment in this technology.
New Jobs - Cleaner Air (Part II): An investment in American Businesses and American Jobs
Nov 17, 2011
In February 2011, Ceres issued a study demonstrating how new air pollution rules proposed for the electric power sector by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will provide long-term economic benefits across much of the United States. This report supplements this economic study by highlighting specific case examples of the companies involved in building a modern generating fleet. It breaks the supply chain into its component pieces and shows the vital role that American workers play in installing and maintaining sophisticated emission control systems.
More Jobs Per Gallon: How Strong Fuel Economy/GHG Standards Will Fuel American Jobs
Jul 30, 2011
This Ceres report focuses on the economic impacts of strengthening fuel economy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission standards for passenger vehicles sold in the United States. The analysis finds that stronger standards—more miles and fewer emissions per gallon—would lead to greater economic and job growth, both within the auto industry and in the broader economy as a whole.
New Jobs-Cleaner Air: Employment Effects under Planned Changes to EPA’s Air Pollution Rules
Feb 01, 2011
February 2011 - This study demonstrates how new air pollution rules proposed for the electric power sector by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will provide long-term economic benefits across much of the United States in the form of highly skilled, well paying jobs through infrastructure investment in the nation's generation fleet. Significantly, many of these jobs will be created over the next five years as the United States recovers from its severe economic downturn.
Investor Risks from Development of Oil Shale and Coal-to-Liquids
Dec 01, 2010
December 2010 - This report shows that coal-to-liquid (CTL) and oil shale technologies face significant environmental and financial obstacles - from water constraints, to technological uncertainties to regulatory and market risks - that pose substantial financial risks for investors involved in such projects.
Canada's Oil Sands: Shrinking Window of Opportunity
May 14, 2010
May 2010 - This report examines how carbon and land reclamation regulations, climate change and other environmental and social issues may adversely affect the future of oil sands development in Alberta.
Global Climate Disclosure Framework for Oil & Gas Companies
Mar 10, 2010
March 2010 - In general, companies in the Oil and Gas industry are more transparent than the average of other sectors in respect of their climate-related performances. Nonetheless, the information provided by most companies remains inadequate to fully gauge the exposure of companies to evolving climate change related pressures. This report outlines the main areas of reporting necessary to allow investors to fully assess the impacts of climate-related changes on Oil and Gas companies.
Climate Risk Disclosure in SEC Filings: An Analysis of 10K Reporting by Oil and Gas, Insurance, Coal, Transportation and Electric Power Companies
Jun 10, 2009
June 2009 - This Ceres/Environmental Defense Fund report evaluates the current state of climate risk disclosure by 100 global companies in five sectors that have a strong stake in preparing for a low carbon future: electric utilities, coal, oil and gas, transportation and insurance. It assesses climate risk disclosure in the SEC filings made by these companies in Q1 2008, and finds very limited disclosure.
CAFE and the U.S. Auto Industry: A Growing Auto Investor Issue, 2012-2020
Oct 06, 2007
October 2007 - A new analysis by Citi, Ceres and the Investor Network on Climate Risk (INCR) finds that the Senate proposal to raise fuel economy standards for U.S. cars and trucks will have only minor impact on shareholders of auto companies.
The Future of Oil: Energy Security, Climate Risks and Market Opportunities
Jun 06, 2007
June 2007 - The report from Ceres and the Civil Society Institute highlights key findings from an October 2006 oil analyst briefing at JPMorgan Chase in which Wall Street analysts, institutional investors, and oil industry experts examined how the future of oil will be affected by geopolitics, climate change, and new technologies. The report summarizes the briefing and analyzes several trends that could affect the valuation of oil companies' securities. The report concludes that there are many clean tech investment opportunities that lie ahead as the US government and other governments worldwide move to reduce oil dependence and greenhouse gas emissions.
ExxonMobil's Corporate Governance on Climate Change
May 06, 2006
May 2006 - Ceres analysis of two new reports from ExxonMobil finds no meaningful advances on climate change, and continued shareholder risks due to lack of leadership on renewable energy.
Sleeping Tiger, Hidden Liabilities: Amid growing risk and industry movement on climate change ExxonMobil falls farther behind
May 01, 2003
May 2003 - This new report from Claros Consulting finds that ExxonMobil is now alone among the four "supermajor" oil companies in refusing to take meaningful action to mitigate the growing risks posed by global warming.