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Narrowing the Gap: World's Largest Sovereign Wealth Fund to Invest in Clean Energy

Posted by Christopher N. Fox at Mar 31, 2014 12:45 PM |
How are investors, businesses and governments doing on the road to the Clean Trillion goal of $1 trillion per year invested in clean energy?
by Christopher N. Fox, Director, International Initiatives, Investor Program Ceres Posted on Mar 31, 2014

How are investors, businesses and governments doing on the road to the Clean Trillion goal of $1 trillion per year invested in clean energy? Here are my thoughts on the progress and challenges we’ve seen this month.


Norway announced on March 13 that it would require its $840 billion sovereign wealth fund (the largest in the world) to invest a portion of its assets in clean energy. This could lead to billions more per year in clean energy investment, and is consistent with the recommendations in the Ceres report, Investing in the Clean Trillion, to “develop capacity to boost clean energy investments and consider setting a goal such as 5 percent portfolio-wide clean energy investments.” Details are expected on Norway’s plans in April.

It’s not just the largest investors in the world that are investing in clean energy - businesses are ramping up investments too. Bloomberg reported this month that Google has invested over $1.4 billion in clean energy since 2010, including almost $400 million in 2013 alone. On March 19, in a sign of the rapidly growing green bond market, Unilever issued a $415 million bond earmarked for reducing waste, water use and greenhouse-gas emissions. Utilities are acting too. In Texas, Austin Energy signed a 25-year agreement for solar power at below five cents per kilowatt-hour, a new record low. These company commitments are important in setting precedents for other businesses and showing that investing in clean energy has moved from “niche” to “mainstream.”

While the cost of solar is down, stocks are up: the 32 stocks in HSBC’s global solar index gained 65% in value for calendar year 2013 and the index is up 23 percent in the first few months of 2014.

Governments took positive steps this month too. To cite one example, the EU and US issued a joint statement on March 26 that reaffirmed strong determination to work towards the adoption in Paris in 2015 of a global agreement on climate change with the “goal of limiting the global temperature increase to below 2°C…” The EU and US agreed to continue “phasing out fossil fuel subsidies…promoting sustainable energy, energy efficiency and renewable energy, fighting deforestation, and mobilizing private and public finance” among other measures. (full text PDF).


The month began with the fossil fuel industry and its allies in Congress continuing their campaign to stop the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from setting limits on carbon pollution from electric power plants. Given that climate change legislation is not likely to pass Congress in the next two years, EPA limits are critical in reducing US greenhouse gas emissions and accelerating the transition to a clean energy economy. The U.S. House of Representatives voted on March 6 to block a proposed EPA rule limiting carbon emissions from future coal-fired electricity plants. The bill is not expected to pass the Senate, and President Obama has threatened to veto.

This month also marks the anniversary of the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill. In reflecting on the past 25 years since the spill, what is most exasperating is that the world has made so little progress in reducing our reliance on oil and other fossil fuels. Today's share of fossil fuels in the global energy mix, at 82 percent, is the same as it was 25 years ago, according to the International Energy Agency (PDF). We need “stronger steps toward a cleaner, fossil fuel free future,” Ceres President Mindy Lubber wrote in a recent blog. “We cannot afford another 25 years of incrementalism and dawdling.”

Ceres developments

This month Ceres supported the Clean Trillion movement by focusing investor and business leaders on the risks of fossil fuels and the opportunities of the clean energy future. A few highlights:

First, ExxonMobil has committed to disclose the risks to its business model of factors such as declining oil demand, the growth of renewables, and future limits on carbon emissions (more in NYT & Guardian). Coal giant Peabody Energy has also agreed to issue a similar report. These agreements are a direct result of the Carbon Asset Risk initiative, coordinated by Ceres and Carbon Tracker, mobilizing $3 trillion worth of investors to challenge 45 of the world's largest oil and gas companies to prepare for the low-carbon future.

Second, there’s more shareholder activism on climate change and clean energy than ever before. Ceres announced this month that 35 institutional investors have filed 142 resolutions in a coordinated effort to spur action by 118 companies on climate change, clean energy, and other issues (full list & background here).

Want to hear what investors, businesses, labor leaders and clean energy investment experts have to say about the Clean Trillion? Watch the short video below:

My Ceres colleagues and I welcome your thoughts and questions on Clean Trillion. Please feel free to connect with me at or on twitter @ChristopherNFox.

Meet the Expert

Christopher N. Fox

Christopher is Director, International Initiatives, leading collaboration efforts with investors worldwide, global investor groups, relevant UN agencies and NGOs. Previously, Christopher was founding co-director the Ceres policy program and founding director of the Ceres investor program. Among his other accomplishments, Christopher was a co-founder of the Investor Network on Climate Risk (INCR) project of Ceres in 2003, and a founding staff member of the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) project of Ceres in 1997.

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